The Azure security engineer is a professional who can create, deploy and manage Azure security. Azure security has various services such as identity access management service, threat detection service, and web application firewall service.
Azure identity protection is a cloud-based service that provides a central place to protect your enterprise’s identities against cyber-attacks in real-time using advanced machine learning technology. This service analyzes the user activity and behavior to detect any unusual activity, unauthorized access, or attempts to access confidential data from Azure. Azure identity protection is available for Azure cloud and Azure on-premise which provides the flexibility of deployment.
You can answer Azure security engineer in the following steps:
Know Azure in and out:
As an Azure security engineer, you should know Azure infrastructure deeply. You should be able to suggest the right solution when there is any vulnerability in Azure infrastructure, architecture, or design. You should also measure the risk and impact of such vulnerabilities because it may lead to major issues such as unauthorized access, disruption of services, etc.
You must understand the different components of Azure such as Identity Access Management, Threat Detection Services, or Web Application Firewall Services. If you don’t know about these, it will be difficult for you to know how Azure works and what’s its purpose.
Know Azure security:
You should be very much familiar with Azure security and its components which help organizations protect their data against cyber-attacks. You should also understand Azure security services such as threat detection, web application firewall, etc.
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As an Azure security engineer you should be able to answer the below questions:
Q1.What is the Azure IAM service?
Answer: Azure identity protection is a cloud-based service that provides a central place to protect your enterprise’s identities against cyber-attacks in real-time using advanced machine learning technology. This service analyzes the user activity and behavior to detect any unusual activity, unauthorized access, or attempts to access confidential data from Azure.
Q2.How does Azure help to protect against cyber-attacks?
Answer: As an Azure security engineer, you should be able to answer this question because Azure provides different services such as threat detection service, web application firewall service, etc. that help organizations protect their data against cyber-attacks.
In Azure identity protection service, provides centralized real-time protection of identities from cyber-attacks using advanced machine learning technology while it analyzes user activity and behavior to detect any unusual activity, unauthorized access, or attempts to access confidential data from Azure infrastructure.
Q3.Why does a company’s organization choose Azure over an on-premise solution?
Answer: Azure has huge benefits over on-premise solutions which include: resources are scalable and easily manageable, Azure is more secure than on-premise, Azure is more cost-effective than on-premise.
Q4.What are Azure security components?
Answer: Azure security components include cloud-based service which provides a central place to protect your enterprise’s identities against cyber-attacks in real-time using advanced machine learning technology (Azerty identity protection), Azure threat detection service, Azure web application firewall, etc.
These services help organizations prevent data breaches by providing centralized management and controls that monitor and track user activity at various levels of the environment (from within an Azure virtual system up to an entire organization) To detect suspicious activities.
Q5.What Azure security services does Azure provide?
Answer: Azure provides a lot of security services such as Azure IAM service, Azure threat detection service, Azure web application firewall, etc.
Threat Detection Service: It helps to prevent unauthorized access to resources in Azure both on-premise and cloud-based. This can be done by detecting any unusual activity or behavior which might indicate someone is trying to get access to the resources without proper authorization.
Usual examples are users logging into Azure using accounts other than their own account (accessing resources using another user’s credentials) or multiple failed login attempts etc. Web Application Firewall (WAF): WAF works at layer 7 of the OSI model and monitors AZURE web applications traffic for suspicious activity to secure the AZURE web app against malicious attacks. Azure security services determine if any of the requests are carrying out an attack and block them preventing harm to Azure’s resources.
Q6. How do you improve the security of your cloud deployments?
Answer: The best answer is to make sure that all privileged users are highly sensitive with their credentials and always avoid any kind of static passwords for anybody, especially for administrators. Keeping an eye on the network traffic is also suggested as hackers usually use this method to get into a system by listening to what’s happening over IP networks. And one more thing is don’t give any access or privileges to unnecessary users or services within your intranet/VNet/subnet etc.
Q7.Imagine you have found a bug with Azure platform technologies What should you do with it?
Answer: If something like this happened, which is pretty rare actually, one should report it to Azure security and follow their responsible disclosure process.
Q8. How would you protect an application hosted in Azure?
Answer: This is a very important question that can be asked in the interview if you are trying for a job as an Azure cloud engineer. The best answer here is, always do a vulnerability assessment of your system and make sure all the patches related to OS and applications are up to date. Moreover, never allow any unwanted access or open any unnecessary ports from outside networks. Always use HTTPS protocol instead of HTTP whenever possible which can improve security up to great extent.
Q9. What defines a virtual machine (VM) role and how does it differ from Web and WorkerRoles?
Answer: The VM role allows you to host customized OS and application binaries, which can be used to replace the Azure-provided images. On the other hand, Web and WorkerRoles both use an instance of a Windows Server 2008 image as their base OS. The major difference between them is that you have to manage web roles but not worker roles.
Q10. Does Azure support multitenancy? If so, how do you implement it?
Answer: Azure doesn’t support multitenancy out of the box but by using a third-party solution like Citrix XenDesktop or VMware View, one can easily achieve this functionality in his/her cloud platform. But here one thing should be remembered i.e., keep each tenant segregated from others as much as possible because if’s any vulnerability or exploit found in one tenant, the intruder might be able to get into all other tenants as well.
We hope you’ve enjoyed this interview blog on Azure security engineers. If you want to learn more about what it takes to be an Azure security engineer, or if you are interested in training with industry experts, please do not hesitate to reach out!