How can you keep your data safe on AWS?
First, it’s important to understand how AWS offers security to its users, from multi-factor authentication to Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC), to keep your data protected and secure in the cloud. Let’s look at how these AWS services can help you maintain data protection on AWS.
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Security by Design:
Enabled MFA is the most important thing you can do to keep your account secure. You’ll need a physical device, such as an authenticator app or hardware token. If you’re planning on taking advantage of some of our advanced features, such as audit logging or consolidated logging, then be sure these features are enabled in addition to MFA. It would help if you always used multi-factor authentication for any instances with administrator access unless using S3 for backup or disaster recovery purposes.
There are multiple ways to protect data on AWS cloud infrastructure. The first layer of protection against data loss involves security best practices for running applications, such as backing up data and ensuring that only authorized users have access to it. AWS provides services that help you protect your data, accounts, and workloads from unauthorized access. These include AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM), Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC), AWS Security Token Service (AWS STS), Amazon Inspector, Amazon Macie, AWS CloudTrail, and AWS Config Rules for CloudTrail Logs, Amazon GuardDuty, and other services.
Protect Sensitive Information:
Sensitive information can include employee data, customer records, intellectual property, or financial details. When you store sensitive information in AWS, ensure you’re encrypting your data at rest using KMS-managed keys. As an additional layer of protection, use Identity and Access Management (IAM) user policies to control access to resources so only authorized users can access your valuable data. Regarding security, AWS has many layers of defense—from physical controls such as locked doors and cameras to multi-factor authentication for access to management consoles and databases.
When it comes to safeguarding your cloud infrastructure, Amazon VPC provides a virtual private network with strong encryption for communication between instances inside a virtual private cloud. (This part should talk about – To prevent attacks and mitigate risk, organizations need to leverage technologies that address different threat vectors. A good approach is to implement layered security architecture, with the firewall as the first line of defense. This can be followed by an intrusion detection system, which monitors activities across different applications in real-time, looking for any malicious activity.
A firewall also enables traffic flow control based on pre-defined rules. A firewall is generally stateful, meaning that it tracks all communications between systems and enforces those rules, but stateless firewalls are used in simple networks where there aren’t too many moving parts)
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Move Data Between Regions with Encryption:
With consistent security features enabled, you can move large amounts of data between AWS regions. You can perform regional disaster recovery or deploy highly available services across multiple regions. Additionally, you can protect your data by using AWS CloudHSM’s FIPS 140-2 Level 2 compliant HSM modules for disk encryption for backup files in S3 buckets or migration data protected with Amazon Macie (for example, user accounts and access keys).
Use CloudTrail for Logging:
AWS CloudTrail is a service that records AWS API calls for your account, delivering log files to you so you can monitor your AWS resources. You can also use AWS CloudTrail logs as evidence in Amazon S3 bucket policy violation cases by providing them as proof of an attacker’s activity.
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Understand Compliance Requirements:
A big part of keeping your data safe is ensuring you comply with all regulations, like PCI, HIPAA, and others. AWS Security Hub provides detailed information about what needs to be protected in your environment (and why) and how best to protect it.
AWS is really interesting and fruitful to study. Explore our more services to give your knowledge a sharp edge.
- Explore AWS IAM interview questions and answers.
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- Learn AWS fundamental services.
- Explore Azure DBA interview questions.
- Get prepared with EC2 interview questions.
In the blog, we walked through various security majors and perspectives to follow. This blog is a short guide toward AWS security. Please refer to our courses on AWS for more knowledge.